• Credit Transfer
  • B .Tech credit transfer
  • Distance Education
  • Carrier Guidance
  • Embassy Attestation

Types of Attestation

There are three primary kinds of attestations:

1) State Attestation

State attestation is needed prior to MEA attestation, wherever based on the type of certificate, appropriate state attestation is needed. For instance, in the event of educational certificates, attestation from State Education Department is expected. In the case of personal certificates, General Administration Department of the involving state should attest the document earlier to attestation by the Ministry of External Affairs.

2) MEA Attestation or Apostille

MEA attestation is prepared simply after attestation by those appropriate state authorities.

3) Embassy Attestation

Embassy/Consulate attestation is prepared later the MEA attestation


India is a country that gives exceptional importance to higher education. The education system in India has evolved from ancient times to modern times and is well-built with all the necessary systems and infrastructures. India boasts of ancient universities in the world and students and scholars from various parts of the world used to come to these universities. The ancient universities such as Takshashila and Nalanda have contributed greatly to make our country the centre of learning in those days. Taking inspiration from our ancient heritage, the system of education in India has fully established today, and it is controlled by a UGC (University Grants Commission) now. UGC regulates the function of educational universities in India. Most of us know about UGC, its powers and functions, but there are huge numbers of people ignorant about it. Hence, this article attempts to describe UGC and its powers and functions. The Beginning of UGC The full form of UGC is the University Grants Commission. It was established as per the UGC act of 1956. It is the statutory body of the Government of India. It was established to coordinate, determine and maintain the standards of university education in our nation.

UGC Roles and Functions :

The main aim of forming UGC was to supervise the quality of education, infrastructure and quality and qualification of professors in the Universities across India. The main function of UGC is to set guidelines for universities across in India to function as per certain standards. Universities that do not suffice the guidelines of UGC are termed as fake universities in India. It regularly checks whether all its directions and rules are followed in all the universities under the system. The fast track degree you earn should be from a UGC accepted University, otherwise, it will be considered invalid .

Association of Indian Universities (AIU):

The Association of Indian Universities is a 95-years old organisation started in 1925. The prime aim of constituting AIU is to control and coordinate higher education in India. All types of universities are members of AIU. Universities of conventional types, Open Universities, Deemed to be Universities, State Universities, Private Universities and Institutes of national importance are in this list. Besides Indian universities, AIU has thirteen 13 associate member universities from countries such as the UK, Thailand, UAE, Nepal, Mauritius, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

The Role of AIU:

This age-old institution was organised to coordinate and maintain communications when UGC was not in existence. Till the establishment of UGC in 1955, AIU was the highest authority to provide training and regulate everything on higher studies in the country.

The Association of Indian Universities provides affiliation to Indian universities constituted by the state and central governments through various acts. It is the general body that discusses and amicably solves problems in and between universities. The association implements various programs and insights that result from the educational researches. It facilitates a platform for vice chancellors from all universities to come together and discuss the various problems they face in universities.

To attain a job under state and the national government, you need a Single sitting degree from a University that accepts the dominance of UGC. Jobs in private and multi-national companies also need a one sitting degree from UGC accepted universities. If you seek jobs in the foreign job market, the minimum qualification is a degree from the UGC accepted university in India. In short, UGC is the central pillar of Higher Education in our country. UGC is the coordinating agent between universities, government and the community. Universities in our country require adhering to rules and regulations framed by the UGC to get the status of UGC accepted universities in India. Several universities in India do not fall underthe UGC accepted universities, and they are considered as fake universities. Hence, before you enrol your name for a fast track degree, you need to verify the UGC approval of the university you plan to study. UGC also provides grants for universities. There is a list of fake universities in India released by UGC.